The starting compound for polyunsaturated fatty acids of the n-3 series is α-linolenic acid (ALA). Its natural source is marine fish oil and linseed oil. α-linolenic acid is used to produce eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and its oxygen derivative – docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which are the most biologically active of the n-3 family polyunsaturated fatty acids.
They are a component for the formation of eicosanoids – molecules influencing anti-inflammatory processes in the body. A large amount of DHAs has been observed in some areas of the brain, retina, myocardium. Both acids – EPA and DHA are necessary for the proper development of the foetus. EPA and DHA are used in skin and joint inflammation.
Old dogs suffer from arthritis. To reduce joint pain and aversion to movement, it is worthwhile to enrich the diet of senior dogs with EPA and DHA and the so-called glucosaminoglycans, i.e. substances facilitating the regeneration of joint cartilage, present in Flawitol Omega Artro.
HA and EPA also play an important role in maintaining normal functions in aging animals. They affect proper vision and help older dogs with impaired cognitive functions because nervous connections contain large amounts of DHA. A helpful preparation for elderly dogs can be Flawitol Omega 3 with lecithin.
The addition of fish oil to the diet of bitches during pregnancy and lactation and puppies in the first weeks after separation from the mother has a beneficial effect on the memory and concentration of the puppies. This is of great importance in shaping cognitive functions and reduces the risk of behavioural disorders, including aggressive behaviour in adult life.
It is worth noting that there is a difference between fish liver oil, which is fat extracted from fish liver, and fish oil (e.g. salmon oil), which is extracted from fish muscles. When serving ready-made, balanced food in portions, do not use fish liver oil, as it contains large amounts of vitamins A and D, the excess of which may cause hypervitaminosis. A safer solution in this situation is to use fish oil.
When using EFA, it is very important to maintain an appropriate ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 acids, preferably not more than 5:1