Inflammation of the lower urinary tract is one of the most common reasons why cats see a veterinarian.
FLUTD is a set of diseases that manifest similar symptoms, but may have different causes. The final diagnosis is made on the basis of a thorough history, a detailed clinical examination and additional tests, such as a general urinalysis, ultrasound, and/or X-ray.
As cats have very complex personality, the owner should observe any change in behaviour that deviates from everyday standard.
The most common symptoms of the lower urinary tract inflammation in cats are as follows:
- Painful urination (stranguria),
- Small amounts of urine (urinary dribbling),
- Frequent attempts to urinate,
- More frequent cleaning of the genital area,
- urinating outside the litter box (but usually near the litter box),
- Change of habits and behaviours of the cat (you are no longer able to keep track of what your cat is doing),
- Decrease in appetite.
Lower urinary tract inflammation in cats is a set of disease entities that can manifest similar signs.
The causes of FLUTD in cats can be divided into the following categories:
- Congenital defects (mainly diagnosed in young cats)
- Tumours (mainly found in older cats)
- Urinary tract infections
- Feline interstitial cystitis (FIC)
The causes in the first and second categories occur most rarely.